The creator want to thank Nikon Australia for supplying the Z9 mirrorless camera and several other lenses, and Nauticam for offering their NA-Z9 housing for the Nikon Z9 and varied equipment used on this overview.
A fiddler ray swims in-between kelp (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Ikelite DS230 strobes, f/13, 1/40s, ISO 400)
As a long-term Nikon DSLR consumer, I used to be curious to see how the Nikon Z9 in contrast for underwater pictures within the low-light and low-visibility waters the place I dive essentially the most—the temperate waters of Sydney, Australia and different spots in New South Wales.
This text focuses on the three principal areas the place DSLRs have historically outperformed mirrorless cameras: autofocus efficiency, viewfinder expertise, and battery life. I additionally contact on burst taking pictures and supply my opinions on the Nauticam NA-Z9 housing, which was used for this overview.
The check rig: Nikon Z9 in Nauticam NA-Z9 housing, with twin Ikelite DS230 strobes
Unsurprisingly, on paper, the Nikon Z9’s autofocus system is somewhat higher spec’d than that of my DSLRs, the cropped-sensor Nikon D500, introduced in January 2016, and the full-frame Nikon D850, unveiled in August 2017. The Z9’s 493 detection factors cowl about 90% of the body, in comparison with round 50% for the D500 and solely about 21% for the D850. Furthermore, the Z9’s AF focus factors are designed to work in very low mild, as little as –7 EV, in comparison with –4 EV for the central focus level of the D500/D850. Lastly, the Z9 has Animal Detection AF performance, which could be activated “on prime” of the standard autofocus modes which are discovered on the D500/D850 (AF-S, AF-C 3D, AF-C Auto-area, and so forth.).
Autofocus for Macro
For testing close-up autofocus efficiency, I paired the Z9 with the Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8 macro lens, which is optically glorious and likewise felt extra reactive than its F-mount predecessor, presumably courtesy of the dual-AF motor of the Z-mount lens. The Z9 was excellent at monitoring transferring fish in low visibility and low ambient mild, with no need a spotlight mild. I used to be impressed how “sticky” the autofocus (AF-C 3D) was, hardly ever dropping the topic regardless of less-than-ideal situations.
High: The attention of this goatfish stayed in focus regardless of the animal stirring up silt because it looked for meals, in 13-feet visibility, on the finish of an overcast day. I had over 80% critical-focus success in these situations. Backside: The Z9’s “sticky” autofocus system managed to trace the attention even because the fish turned away (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/11, 1/200s, ISO 400)
As this White’s seahorse moved behind items of algae, the Z9 saved the main target locked on its eye. The “Block Shot AF Response” was set to three (Intermediate) (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/8, 1/200s, ISO 64)
I solely needed to activate the main target mild when it turned so darkish that my eyes couldn’t discern fish except they have been transferring. With the main target mild nonetheless on, I examined erratic topic monitoring with the tiny southern pygmy leatherjacket, a species that seemingly can’t cease buzzing round. I picked an open aperture, AF-C 3D mode, chosen the attention, after which saved monitoring whereas taking images. Out of the 18 pictures of the identical particular person I took in two minutes, 16 have been sharp on the attention—a powerful 89% success fee!
Southern pygmy leatherjacket: 18 pictures taken in two minutes at f/4 (uncropped), 16 of them tack-sharp on the attention, regardless of the floating particles in about 13-feet visibility! (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/4, 1/200s, ISO 100)
For many of my time utilizing the Z9, I had Animal Detection AF turned on and it labored with various species, together with goatfish, seabreams, wrasses, boxfish, seahorses, and at occasions, octopuses. This relied on situations although: On some dives, seahorses have been constantly detected, whereas on others, the Z9 failed to acknowledge the seahorse topic. Clearer water and extra ambient mild appeared to extend the possibilities of topic detection. It additionally helped to pre-focus close to the topic, in order that the Z9 might “see” greater than a blurred form.
I often disabled Animal Detection AF once I might see the Z9 was confused by an animal’s physique. For instance, the Z9 mistook a southern pygmy leatherjacket’s pores and skin patterns for eyes, so I switched it off when taking pictures the above collection.
Purple Gentle Problem
I additionally took the Z9 evening diving. Sadly, the autofocus efficiency dropped once I switched to my pink focus mild: The digital camera was typically slower and hunted for focus at occasions. This required me to vary the best way I shoot at evening, relying extra on white mild, which is ok for many topics, however not all. I’ve learn stories of this downside impacting Sony customers too, although I’m not sure about Canon. I’ve been advised Nikon are trying into this; it could be nice to see enhancements with a firmware replace.
Animal Detection AF locked on to this potbelly seahorse immediately, more often than not the entire head, generally narrowing right down to the attention. The seahorse, the sponge and myself have been all transferring as a result of surge, and Animal Detection AF spared me the trouble to manually place my focus level over the attention when initiating steady monitoring (AF-C 3D) (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/4, 1/200s, ISO 64)
Impressively, Animal Detection AF reliably recognized and tracked the attention of this Sydney pygmy pipehorse as quickly because it turned in direction of me and I pre-focused close to its head (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, Nauticam SMC-1, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/29, 1/200s, ISO 800, 10% crop)
Z9 Versus D500
Earlier than I might confidently write whether or not or not the Z9 had outperformed my DSLRs for macro, I wanted to check the cameras aspect by aspect. I spent two lengthy dives carrying each the Z9 and the D500, mounted with their respective 105mm macro lenses, on the lookout for obliging topics and swapping programs to check their efficiency on the identical people in the very same situations. These are each glorious cameras, so I selected a demanding testing protocol, involving shadows, open aperture, and no focus mild, to “assist them fail.”
Lengthy story quick, the Z9 achieved important deal with round 70% of my check pictures versus solely about 44% for the D500 (each utilizing AF-C 3D). For the lengthy story, with all the small print of the testing routine and outcomes breakdown over 5 completely different topics, test the complete model of this text on The Underwater Membership’s weblog.
Numbers apart, I observed that the D500 was just a little sooner at buying preliminary focus, however then was additionally faster to drop focus, letting it slip from a fish’s eye to its flank. The “sticky” Z9 autofocus described above made fairly a distinction.
The erratic japanese clean boxfish swirling in between rocks (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/5.6, 1/200s, ISO 200, DX mode, AF-C 3D with Animal Detection)
Autofocus for Large Angle
For my wide-angle testing, I used the Nikon 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens mounted on the Nikon FTZ II lens mount adapter behind a Nauticam 140mm glass dome. This was essentially the most related comparability with my favourite wide-angle DSLR setup: the Nikon D500 with the Tokina 10–17mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens behind a Zen 100mm glass dome.
The D500/10–17mm combo has had near a 100% success fee in a wide range of taking pictures situations, and my feeling is that the Z9/8–15mm combo is in the identical league, with maybe a slight edge for quick motion. That is based mostly on 14 hours of diving, masking 9 dive websites, in visibilities starting from 20 to 65 ft, taking pictures a mixture of reefscapes, education fish, gropers, and excited fur seals.
For the seals, the Z9 was set to AF-C, Auto-area AF mode, and Animal Detection enabled, selecting up seals and infrequently their eyes. For common wide-angle work, my go-to mode was AF-C 3D, with Animal Detection enabled by default.
A pleasant japanese blue groper follows divers within the hope for a feed (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/13, 1/100s, ISO 320)
Sponges on the entrance of Sydney’s Botany Bay (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Ikelite DS230 strobes, f/13, 1/100s, ISO 320)
Over 1,300 fur seal pictures with the Z9, I measured a 99.6% success fee. My D500 has additionally carried out fantastically in such situations, however I now not have the information to make a direct comparability with the Z9 (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Ikelite DS230, f/11, 1/200s, ISO 400)
Conclusion: Autofocus Efficiency
I discovered the Z9’s autofocus very spectacular. In comparison with my DSLRs, the broader 90% body protection and the “stickier” monitoring enabled a brand new method of taking pictures: I might place the main target level on my topic (AF-C 3D) after which recompose and/or get nearer, whereas having a excessive confidence that the topic could be tracked, even when it swam round and partially turned away. Typically, Animal Detection kicked in, saving me the trouble to place the main target level. In low ambient mild, the continual monitoring accuracy was higher than my D500 (with respective 105mm macro lenses), a commendable efficiency.
One adverse is evening diving with a pink focus mild, the place I discovered my DSLRs nonetheless do a greater job, however as quickly as I reverted to white mild, the Z9 had the sting. One other factor to notice is when utilizing the Nauticam Prolonged Macro Large Lens (EMWL): Like another mirrorless cameras, the Z9 suffers from a back-focus situation, which Nauticam is at the moment . See my DPG article “The Nauticam EMWL for ‘Bugeye’ Pictures” for particulars and methods to work round that downside.
In contrast with an Optical Viewfinder
When working beneath considerable ambient mild and so long as I wasn’t framing into the solar, the Z9’s digital viewfinder (EVF) felt fairly near an optical viewfinder. Presumably, that is as a result of ample display screen decision (3.69 million dots) and the excessive 120Hz refresh fee—the display screen updates 120 occasions per second. Most significantly, neither the decision nor the refresh fee appear to drop because the digital camera focuses or shoots, which additionally helps retaining the expertise “actual.”
I began noticing the EVF in darker situations—darkish sufficient that I might have struggled to search out the topic via my DSLR’s optical viewfinder. In these situations, the EVF would robotically brighten the scene (use the “Alter for ease of viewing” setting), making it simpler to border photographs with topics hiding in crevices or beneath rocky ledges, for instance. This allowed me to do with no focus mild, a bonus for shy topics.
The scenario the place the EVF turned noticeable in a adverse sense was wide-angle pictures, when viewing high-contrast scenes. Right here, the restricted dynamic vary of an EVF merely can not compete with that of the human eye. In fact, this can be a recognized constraint of all EVFs that has saved some DSLRs customers on the fence about mirrorless cameras, however I personally haven’t confronted any scenario the place the viewfinder prevented me from getting the shot.
Excessive distinction on the entrance of the Fish Rock ocean cave at a depth of about 25 ft: With my focus mild off, via the EVF, I might see the turtle and rocks within the foreground (amplified), however the exit was blown out. I might see fish swimming within the center floor, however the colleges within the background have been arduous to discern
Capturing in direction of the sunball at depth (90 ft), with 50 to 65 ft visibility, this was a extra manageable stage of distinction for the EVF. I might nonetheless see some particulars within the foreground fish—they appeared darkish however not totally black—and within the background, solely the realm across the sunball was blown out
Throughout greater than an hour-and-a-half of packed motion, I took 1,300 pictures in lower than 15 ft of water, with 40 to 50 ft visibility and a shiny solar. I adopted the seals, taking pictures with both the solar at my again or in entrance of me. I additionally shot the swell window lots, as seals have been sunbathing above me. Because it seems, I understand I can’t recall precisely how the EVF carried out, and that’s is an efficient factor: I might have remembered if I have been unable to border my topics
After I noticed a topic throughout an evening dive, I depressed the shutter launch to get up the EVF, aimed the macro lens on the topic, then regarded into the EVF to compose the shot. On a number of events, it took a second for the viewfinder to regulate its brightness: At first, I might solely see a really shiny show; then particulars appeared. Even when the EVF had “settled down,” the distinction and particulars weren’t pretty much as good as what I’m used to with my DSLRs, making it tougher to find topics beneath a pink focus mild.
With my Nikon DSLRs, I usually must “get up” the digital camera in order that it overlays the publicity parameters on the optical viewfinder. As I transfer to completely different topics, generally I additionally press the Data button to rapidly remind myself of all of the settings I’m utilizing—publicity parameters, flash mode, autofocus mode, burst taking pictures pace, and so forth. With the Z9, all of this was a lot simplified: All of the settings I presumably wished to know have been specified by two rows within the EVF, above and beneath the topic. This allowed me to maintain observe of topic actions whereas checking these essential parameters.
One vital benefit of the Z9, and all mirrorless cameras, was with the ability to overview images with out taking my eye away from the viewfinder. This allowed me to work sooner and benefit from any short-lived photograph alternatives. The one circumstances the place I prefered to overview images on the rear LCD display screen was when there was quite a lot of motion, or when it was essential to take care of situational consciousness. It’s far too straightforward to neglect the surface world when sticking to the EVF each for taking pictures and reviewing images. With the fur seals, I missed some good alternatives as a result of I used to be trying on the EVF, oblivious to the seal pup that was its reflection on my dome port!
It took some time to line up every little thing for this shot, together with crawling between two rocks to get the angle I used to be after. I used to be glad I might test my lighting and publicity with out having to swim again
The FX/DX Swap
As a longtime APS-C format (DX) shooter, I knew I might miss my Tokina 10–17mm and its helpful zoom vary of 180° to 100° angle of view. It was noticeable, for instance, with seals that have been just a little too shy to fill the body when utilizing the Z9 with its full-frame (FX) sensor and the Nikon 8–15mm with its 180° angle of view. That’s the place the choice to change from FX to DX—a typical choice on Nikon full-frame cameras—is available in very helpful.
Clearly, this comes with a lack of decision, however on the Z9, DX-cropped photographs are 19MP as a substitute of the 46MP produced in FX mode, very shut in measurement to the 21MP photographs produced by my Nikon D500—that are largely adequate for my wants. As well as, in contrast to the D850, the place crops are proven in grey within the viewfinder, the Z9’s EVF robotically adjusted to show the precise picture space captured, so I used to be in full management of my composition whereas nonetheless having fun with the Z9’s comfy viewfinder with AF factors masking almost 100% of the body.
I noticed I a lot most well-liked to shoot this manner every time I felt that I lacked magnification in macro or that my wide-angle topic was too shy to fill the body. One other bonus is that the Z9 produces 19MP RAW recordsdata on this mode, which saves on storage and is nice for competitions, the place judges could look unfavorably upon cropping. On the Nauticam NA-Z9 housing, I allotted the FX/DX swap to the Fn3 button, conveniently accessed by way of a lever close to my left little finger. This fashion I might “zoom out” of DX mode immediately, once I noticed a curious seal coming shut sufficient.
Conclusion: Viewfinder Expertise
Total, I most well-liked the Z9 viewfinder expertise over that of high-end DSLRs. I might work sooner with the EVF, I might higher see topics hiding at nighttime, and I might instantly overview images in conditions the place I might have needed to step again with my DSLR. Additionally, I beloved with the ability to toggle between FX and DX modes, every time the necessity for an extended focal size arose. The one scenario the place I favor composing images with a DSLR is at evening, when utilizing a pink focus mild.
Purple-fingered anglerfish (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, Backscatter Mini Flash 1 and Backscatter Optical Snoot 1, f/20, 1/200s, ISO 100)
Whereas we confer with DSLR battery life by way of variety of pictures, the Z9 is extra about period of use. Here’s what I logged over a couple of dives:
- 2h20 of evening diving (macro), 309 pictures, 170s of 4K/60p video => 33% battery used
- 3h50 of diving (mixture of evening plus day, macro), 340 pictures => 50% battery used
- 3h47 of day diving (broad angle), 400 pictures, 100s of 4K/60p video => 50% battery used
- 3h15 day diving (macro), 375 pictures => 47% battery used
- 1h40 of diving with fur seals (broad angle), 1,300 pictures, 24s of 4K/60p video, 29% battery used
In abstract, I anticipated to get roughly seven hours of diving out of a completely charged Z9 battery, which is utilizing largely the EVF (Finder Show Dimension set to “small”) and taking pictures with AF-C 3D and Animal Detection enabled on a regular basis.
The cheeky fur seals of Montague Island in New South Wales have been good check topics for the continual taking pictures efficiency of the Z9, which might seize full-resolution 14-bits RAW recordsdata in bursts of as much as 20fps. I stayed close to the floor within the hope of taking pictures ambient mild solely, however there weren’t many shut interactions the place I had the solar at my again, correctly lighting the seals.
Steady taking pictures at 20fps in ambient mild, there have been just a little too many shadows for my style, however the Z9’s metering system labored like a appeal (ISO Auto, DX mode, AF-C Auto-area) (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, f/9, 1/800s, ISO 1400)
I made a decision to change to flash and see if the 2 Ikelite DS230 strobes that I had introduced with me lived as much as their spectacular specs: 213Ws most energy, 120° beam angle, 1.2-second recycle time at full energy. (See DPG’s “Assessment of the Ikelite DS230 Strobe” by Matt Sullivan.) I hoped they may deal with some stage of burst taking pictures that will do justice to ecstatic seal pups.
At quarter energy or much less, I might shoot quick 0.5-second bursts at 20fps, producing 10 pictures that each one obtained some strobe mild. The strobes step by step produced much less mild, however I discovered the lower to be progressive, and it was smoother at decrease powers or when “slowing down” to 10fps. I a lot favor this conduct somewhat than seeing occasional blackouts, and the progressive mild lower properly fits an approaching topic.
In the end, I ended up taking pictures bursts both at 10fps or 20fps, generally for 1 or 2 seconds, as I adopted seals swirling round me. Regardless of utilizing a midrange reminiscence card, I by no means needed to wait, courtesy of the Z9’s humongous buffer. There was one adverse, however the Z9 was solely half accountable: My modest 64GB card crammed up faster than I believed, and I needed to minimize the dive quick, after capturing round 1,300 photographs.
With 4 seals within the foreground and 5 within the background, burst taking pictures will increase the percentages of capturing the second when every little thing traces up
Full disclosure: I had dived with 4 Nauticam housings earlier than selecting up the NA-Z9. I’m a giant fan of their ergonomics, the built-in vacuum test system, and their robustness—my Nauticam DSLR housings have taken a good quantity of abuse, as I’ve needed to crawl on the rocks to exit from a few of Sydney’s dive websites extra typically than I prefer to admit! Clearly, I attempted my greatest to maintain my loaned NA-Z9 away from stated rocks, so I can’t touch upon its long-term robustness, nevertheless it felt simply as sturdy as any Nauticam housing I’ve dived with.
Dimension and Weight
As a full-frame physique with an built-in grip, the Z9 is larger and heavier than the D810 and D500 DSLRs that I’ve used essentially the most. As soon as wrapped in a housing, it’s a formidable proposition, as the next desk reveals:
|Mannequin||Width with handles||Peak||Thickness||Weight (housing, digital camera, battery)|
Whereas a taller housing is not any shock, I wasn’t anticipating the additional 1.2in/31mm thickness, however this can be a necessity to accommodate the FTZ II adaptor, permitting you to reuse the identical ports that labored with a DSLR when mounting the identical F-mount lenses on the Z9. I might have most well-liked a thinner housing, however I discover this trade-off acceptable. When it comes to baggage allowance, the penalty provides as much as 2.8lb/1.26kg, and that is additionally the additional exercise I get when strolling to a dive web site, as I discovered the NA-Z9 has a really related buoyancy to my NA-D810.
The opposite main change is having the lens farther from the bottom. On the Z9 housing, the port sits 1.7in/42mm from the underside of the housing, in comparison with simply 0.4in/10mm on my D810 housing. On a muck dive or when diving over sand, this distinction restricted my means to get eye stage with the topic, however I discovered this to be annoying simply a few occasions throughout the 12 hours of muck diving I did with the Z9.
The NA-Z9 housing permits quick access to essentially the most helpful digital camera controls by way of buttons and levers positioned inside attain of each handles. Because of an intricate mixture of levers and gears, some controls have been relocated fairly removed from the place they sit on the digital camera. For instance, the plus and minus zoom buttons, that are positioned on the suitable of the rear LCD display screen are accessed by way of two buttons positioned on the other aspect of the housing, close to the left deal with, properly balancing the variety of buttons on both aspect. One other feat is the transformation of the fn1, fn2 and fn3 customized buttons on the entrance of the Z9 into three levers on the housing—two on the left, one on the suitable.
For me, the convenience with which lenses could be swapped is a key criterion for deciding on a housing. Excellent news with the NA-Z9: I might swap lenses and ports with out having to open the rear housing shell, and this is applicable to each F-mount and Z-mount lenses. In the meantime, the Z9’s built-in defend protected the dear 46MP sensor and lowered my stress ranges throughout lens swaps.
Education previous wives over one among Sydney’s temperate reefs (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Ikelite DS230 strobes, f/14, 1/20s, ISO 500)
I discovered the Nikon Z9 to be a tremendously succesful digital camera, performing higher general than my workhorse Nikon DSLRs, the D500 and D810, in most areas. Three points particularly set the Z9 other than my DSLRs: First, the “stickier” autofocus allowed me to trace topics and recompose whereas I approached topics, even in low mild. Second, Animal Detection saved me time by robotically recognizing animals; it labored with many however not all underwater topics, and it was much less delicate in low-light or low-visibility situations. And third, the Z9’s higher configurability meant I might set 4 customized buttons, out there at my fingertips within the Nauticam NA-Z9 housing.
Most of the extra explanation why I most well-liked underwater pictures with the Z9 relate to 1 essential inherent benefit of mirrorless cameras over DSLRs: the digital viewfinder. You’ve the power to rapidly overview images within the EVF, with out having to maneuver away from the topic; you’ll be able to view all of the essential settings within the EVF; you’ll be able to extra simply see and compose in low mild as a result of the EVF brightens the scene; and in DX mode, you see the cropped scene in the entire EVF, making the taking pictures expertise as pleasurable as in FX mode.
In fact, even with a flagship digital camera just like the Z9, there are some downsides. One bugbear is bulk, mockingly, given the much-trumpeted measurement and weight benefits of mirrorless. Not so the Z9: It is a large and heavy beast. Second, the digital camera struggles throughout evening dives when utilizing a pink focus mild: The otherwise-excellent autofocus efficiency drops noticeably whereas the EVF’s decrease distinction makes it tougher to find topics. Lastly, DSLR shooters who make heavy use of Nauticam’s EMWL moist lens would possibly wish to postpone the improve to mirrorless—till the back-focus downside is mounted.
Earlier than I began testing the Z9, I had requested members of my on-line underwater pictures college, The Underwater Club, what they have been curious to know in regards to the Z9, and I’ve answered all their questions right here with one exception. That final query was whether or not the Z9 might take pictures that will be inconceivable to seize on a D850 or D500. After giving this some consideration, I couldn’t consider any underwater subject material that’s too difficult for the very best Nikon DSLRs to seize. As a rebreather diver, I routinely keep down for so long as crucial every time I discover an amazing topic. I’m able to wait patiently for a topic to come back out of its den once more, and I don’t thoughts backing off to overview images, even when it takes one other lengthy, cautious method to return to my taking pictures place.
However right here’s the factor: After I bounce on a industrial boat, my backside time turns into restricted like everybody else’s. After I dive with different photographers, we’re taking turns and I can’t spend an eternity with a given topic. Additionally, some alternatives are short-lived by nature: It solely takes seconds for 2 pipefish to alternate their eggs—there aren’t any second possibilities. In such typical situations, the Z9 permits you to work faster, and with regards to important focus, merely has the next keeper fee than the very best DSLRs. For a lot of, that may make the Nikon Z9 arduous to beat.
Brown sabertooth blenny (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, Retra Flash Professional strobe and Retra LSD snoot, f/20, 1/200s, ISO 400)
The creator want to thank the members of The Underwater Membership for sharing their ideas and questions on the Nikon Z9, which impressed among the testing carried out for this text. A extra in-depth model of this overview will quickly be out there on The Underwater Membership’s weblog.
In regards to the Reviewer: Nicolas Remy is an Australia-based professional shooter and founding father of on-line underwater pictures college The Underwater Club. His photographs have been extensively revealed in print and digital media, and have gained over 35 worldwide photograph awards. To see extra photographs by Nicolas and his spouse Lena, go to their web site, www.nicolaslenaremy.com.